Q fever endocarditis in Queensland.
Thirteen patients with proven Q fever endocarditis and three additional patients with probable endocarditis are reviewed. The most helpful diagnostic test is the demonstration of a high complement fixing antibody titre to Phase 1 antigen of Coxiella burneti. The macroscopic pathology of the aortic valve is described and includes aneurysmal pockets in the aortic wall and valve annulus which are demonstrable angiographically. Evidence is presented that the infection may be controlled by prolonged tetracycline therapy and that this is accompanied by a falling antibody titre to Phase 1 antigen. Valve replacement is undertaken only for symptomatic and hemodynamic indications. The combined tetracycline therapy and valve replacement have produced a fall in titres with eradication of infection and palliation of the cardiac disability in all patients followed for long periods.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association