M-mode echocardiography in the evaluation of patients for aneurysmectomy.
In order to determine whether echocardiography could be useful in predicting surgical mortality of aneurysmectomy, preoperative condensed M-mode echocardiographic scans were taken from both mid (standard position) and low (nearer apex) intercostal spaces and/or from the subxiphoid area in eighteen patients who were sent to surgery for aneurysmectomy. Eleven of the eighteen patients survived aneurysmectomy. All eleven had mid left ventricular dimensions less than 3.3 cm/m2 and low dimensions of 3.8 cm/m2 or less. Of the seven patients who died, the mid and low left ventricular dimensions exceeded 3.3 cm/m2 and 3.8 cm/m2, respectively, with one exception. The combination of abnormal mitral valve closure, a dilated mid dimension and lack of normal motion in opposing wall segments was only seen in six nonsurvivors. Echocardiography can provide information concerning the state of the left ventricle in patients with ventricular aneurysms and these findings may be helpful in predicting surgical mortality for aneurysmectomy.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association