N-dimethylisopropyl propranolol. Effects on myocardial oxygen demands.
N-Dimethylisopropyl propranolol (DMP) is a quaternary derivative which lacks significant beta-adrenergic blocking and local anesthetic effects. It has been reported, nonetheless, to be effective in treating experimental arrhythmias and in limiting the extent of ST-segment elevations following experimental coronary occlusion. The present study examined the effects of DMP on the hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen demands of anesthetized dogs. After a single dose of 3 mg/kg, heart rate fell from 146 +/- 8 to 124 +/- 6 beats/min (P less than 0.0025), and aortic systolic pressure fell from 151 +/- 11 to 141 +/- 9 mm Hg (0.05 less than P less than 0.10), resulting in a 16.8% reduction in the tension-time index. Stroke volume was reduced by 10% despite a 54% increase in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, suggesting a negative inotropic effect. This was supported by a decrease in maximum extrapolated contractile element velocity from 9.10 +/- 1.05 to 6.61 +/- 65 units/sec (P less than 0.0025). Myocardial oxygen consumption was reduced from 12.0 +/- 1.4 to 9.9 +/- 1.5 ml/min/100 g tissue (P less than 0.05). Myocardial oxygen extraction was unchanged, indicating that the decrease in oxygen consumption resulted from a reduction in myocardial oxygen demand. When heart rate and systolic pressure were artificially restored to control levels, after the administration of DMP, myocardial oxygen consumption remained significantly below the control level. DMP, therefore, appeared to reduce myocardial oxygen demands primarily by its negative inotropic effect. This drug may have application in the treatment of ischemic heart disease.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association