Subendocardial origin of ventricular arrhythmias in 24-hour-old experimental myocardial infarction.
In 12 anesthetized open-chest dogs, ventricular epicardial activation maps were constructed and electrograms were recorded from the bundle of His, left bundle branch, and subendocardial Purkinje fibers 24 hours following Harris 2-stage ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. All animals developed ectopic ventricular depolarizations and/or ventricular tachycardia. The earliest area of epicardial activation was located along the border of the infarct in the left ventricle in all animals. Bipolar recording from various levels of the conduction system and ventricular myocardium revealed that the earliest recorded electrical activity originated in subendocardial Purkinje fibers which had survived the acute myocardial infarction. The origin of these arrhythmias was further studied by pacing through the electrode which had recorded the early Purkinje activity and comparing the surface ECG and activation sequence with that of the spontaneous rhythm. These data tend to support the hypothesis that ventricular arrhythmias occurring 24-72 hours following acute myocardial infarction have their origin in the subendocardial Purkinje network which has survived the infarction.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association