Prolonged His-Q interval in chronic bifascicular block. Relation to impending complete heart block.
Although prolonged infra-His conduction time in bifascicular block is suspected of denoting trifascicular disease, adquate documentation is lacking concerning the correlation between lengthened His-Q interval (H-Q) and the risk of development of complete heart block (CHB). H-Q in conducted sinus beats in patients with bifascicular block associated with Mobitz II or intermittent CHB represents the approximation of maximal H-Q prolongation prior to onset of trifascicular block. To assess this relationship between prolongation of H-Q and trifascicular block, His bundle electrocardiography (HBE) was performed in 50 patients with chronic bifascicular block exhibiting Mobitz II block or transient CHB. Mobitz II or episodic CHB was shown in all patients: within two days prior to HBE in 45/50 patients; in 39/50 patients during HBE; and following HBE in five patients. In 49/50 patients H-Q was prolonged (greater than 55 msec) and in 47 this interval was substantially lengthened (65 msec or greater). Since marked H-Q prolongation in conducted sinus beats was documented in nearly all patients with bifascicular block associated with intermittent complete trifascicular block, we conclude that a considerably lengthened H-Q interval in bifascicular block is not only a usual prerequisite but strong evidence, for impending complete heart block.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association