Left ventricular diverticulum and mitral incompetence in asymptomatic children.
Two children with congenital apical left ventricular diverticulum and significant mitral incompetence are reported. The angiographic and anatomic findings of the few previously reported patients with congenital diverticula and aneurysm were analyzed and a new classification differentiating between the two is proposed. The clinical data analyzed in apical diverticula and aneurysm are similar to those patients with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Left ventriculography is the best diagnostic tool. The place of surgery in the treatment of the congenital apical diverticula with or without mitral incompetence in asymptomatic children is not clear. Further observations are needed to reveal its natural history.
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