Clinical, angiographic, and hemodynamic findings in patients with anomalous origin of the coronary arteries.
Clinical and angiographic features of 31 patients with anomalous coronpary artery origin are reviewed. Of 17 aberrant circumflex arteries from the right sinus of Valsalva or artery, each was retro-aortic, six atherosclerotic, and seven irrigated a small area of myocardium. Of seven anomalous right coronary arteries from the left sinus of Valsalva or artery, each was ante-aortic and two atherosclerotic. Aberrant origin of the circumflex or right coronary artery was a benign anomaly. The proximal course of seven aberrant left coronary arteries from the right sinus of Valsalva or right coronary artery was related to clinical events. The anomaly was best demonstrated in the lateral view. In five cases, coronary blood flow during exercise and myocardial metabolism during pacing were assessed. Two had had a previous infarction with nonatherosclerotic arteries. Exercise coronary blood flow was normal in four and low in one patient. Pacing resulted in lactate production in two with atherosclerotic and one without atherosclerotic arteries. We conclude that anomalous left coronpary origin from the right sinus of Valsalva can result in significant myocardial ischemia and infarction.
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