Left ventricular function in tricuspid atresia. Angiographic analysis in 28 patients.
Thirty-one left ventricular (LV) biplane angiograms were performed in 28 patients with tricuspid atresia. Measurements of left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) and left ventricular end-systolic volume were obtained by the modified Simpson's rule and systolic ejection fraction (EF) calculated. Left ventricular volumes and ejection fractions were also obtained in 19 control patients with no significant heart disease. The patients with tricuspid atresia were classified according to the appearance of the pulmonary vascularity on initial radiologic examination: Group A, decreased pulmonary vascularity; Group B, increased pulmonary vascularity. In the 13 group A infants who were unoperated, LVEDV was increased and EF mildly diminished. In the group B patients LVEDV was increased and EF normal. In the 12 group A patients with surgical shunts LVEDV was elevated. The five group A patients with long-standing systemic artery to pulmonary artery anastomoses (greater than 10 years) showed the largest LVEDV and the poorest EF. The angiographic data indicate that patients with tricuspid atresia experience significant LV dysfunction as a consequence of longstanding LV volume overload. The early detection of LV dysfunction may be an indication for a right ventricular bypass procedure in these patients.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association