Long-term survival after aortic valve replacement using Smeloff-Cutter prosthesis.
The long-term prognosis of 187 consecutive patients who received single aortic valve replacement using Smeloff-Cutter prosthesis was studied. Of the 163 patients who survived the operation, a long-term follow-up (up to eight years) was obtained in 153 patients (95%). A total of 34 patients (22%) died during the follow-up period. Including the hospital mortality, the actuarial survival rate of our patients with Smeloff-Cutter prosthesis was 0.69 after the fifth year and 0.611 after the eighth year of follow-up. This is similar to the actuarial survival rate of patients with Starr-Edwards prosthesis but it appears significantly better than the expected survival rate of symptomatic patients with aortic stenosis treated without surgery. Thus, this result supports the contention that aortic valve surgery in properly selected patients can prolong life expectancy in addition to relieving symptoms in patients with aortic valve disease. The majority of surviving patients reported to have improved (88%) since the operation and to be symptom free (82%).
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association