Initial forces of ventricular depolarization in the Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome. Analysis based upon localization of the accessory pathway by epicardial mapping.
The epicardial activation sequence of 34 patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was determined. Epicardial pre-excitation occurred at a spectrum of sites over either the free wall of the left or right ventricle or in a paraseptal region, always adjacent to the atrioventricular rings. The site of pre-excitation was related to the spatial position of the 10 msec vector of the vectorcardiogram (VCG) in 15 patients and the 20 msec vector of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in 29 patients with a single accessory pathway. All patients whose 20 msec vector (ECG) was directed to the right had accessory pathways which caused epicardial breakthrough over the free wall of the left ventricle. When the 20 msec vector (ECG) was to the left and inferior, epicardial pre-excitation was over either the right ventricular free wall or in the region of the pulmonary outflow tract. Superior location of the initial forces, especially the 10 msec vector (VCG), strongly suggested the presence of a septal bypass tract. The polarity of the delta wave and maximum QRS forces in precordial lead V1 were discordant in a significant number of patients, pointing to probable shortcomings of a classification based upon the latter.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association