Double-outlet right ventricle associated with persistent common atriventricular canal.
A variant of double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) associated with common atrioventricular (A-V) canal was identified. As yet, this syndrome has not been successfully repaired. Of 16 patients with this diagnosis, 14 had the diagnosis confirmed at postmortem examination and two had the diagnosis confirmed by exploratory cardiotomy. The 16 patients were divided into two groups according to the position of the cardiac apex: group 1, ten patients with levocardia, and group 2, six patients with dextrocardia and ventricular inverson. When pulmonary stenosis was present, the clinical presentation was similar to that in tetralogy of Fallot, and when such stenosis was not, the presentation was similar to that in ventricular septal defect with bidirectional shunting. The electrocardiogram had the typical feature of common A-V canal. The right ventricular angiocardiogram had features typical of DORV. The left ventricular angiocardiogram revealed left ventricular outflow deformity typical of A-V canal in patients with levocardia but not in those with dextrocardia. Splenic anomalies were commonly seen (nine of the 16 patients). Asplenia was present in seven, and polysplenia in two. Ten patients had persistent left superior vena cava, seven had common atricum, six had anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and three had subaortic stenosis. Twelve of the 16 patients had pulmonary stenosis. Of the 16, 14 had common A-V canal (Rastelli type C) and two had a ventricular septal defect of the persistent common A-V type.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association