Clinical and hemodynamic results of mitral valve replacement with autologous fascia lata grafts. Studies in patients with competent prostheses.
Nine patients with severe mitral disease were studied before and six months after mitral valve replacement with a three-cusp stented prosthesis using fresh autologous fascia lata tissue. Only patients in whom there was no auscultatory and angiographic evidence of incompetence of the replaced valve were selected for restudy. All patients claimed a marked improvement in their exercise capacity after operation and there was a significant reduction in radiographic heart size. The cardiac output at rest and the response to exercise were both reduced before operation and were unchanged after valve replacement. The elevated pulmonary arterial and wedge pressures were significantly reduced after operation in all patients both at rest and during exercise, but in no instance were the postoperative exercise values within normal limits. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was within normal limits at rest and during exercise in all patients after valve replacement but the average pressure gradient across the fascia lata valve was 6+/-1 mm Hg at rest and 18+/-3 mm Hg during exercise. These findings indicate that altough replacement of the diseased mitral valve with a competent fascia lata prosthesis afforded substantial symptomatic relief, reduction of cardiac enlargement and a lowering of the pulmonary vascular pressures, this artificial valve offered a significant obstruction to left ventricular diastolic filling, particularly during exercise.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association