Regional myocardial function in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis. An echocardiographic study.
To assess regional contractility in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS), a primary myopathic disorder with documented hyperdynamic ventricular contractions, systolic wall thickening and velocity of contraction of the septum and left ventricular posterior wall were measured in echocardiograms from 16 patients with IHSS and 16 normal subjects. The average thickening of the normal septum and posterior wall was 75.9+/-8.8% and 84.8+/-6.3%, respectively. The posterior wall in IHSS thickened by 75.1+/-6.8%. None of these values differed significantly. However, the increase in thickness of the IHSS septum averaged 22.5+/-2.4%, significantly less than that of either the IHSS posterior wall or the normal septum. Velocity measurements confirmed the impression of diminished septal function. The mean velocity of normal septal contraction averaged 37.0+/-2.3 mm/sec, normal posterior wall 42.3+/-2.0 mm/sec and IHSS posterior wall 55.7+/-3.5 mm/sec, whereas the septum in IHSS contracted at the rate of 26.0+/-2.5 mm/sec. Thus, the IHSS septum contracted significantly more slowly than the normal septum or IHSS posterior wall. However, the posterior wall velocity in IHSS was significantly more rapid than that measured in normal ventricles--perhaps to compensate for the septum. Normalization of all velocities for left ventricular end-diastolic internal diameter did not alter the sifnificance of the results. Consideration of IHSS as an asymmetric myopathy based on prior observations of predominantly septal hypertrophy and distorted septal cellular architecture is now supported by the above evidence of functional left ventricular asymmetry. Although the total left ventricular function in IHSS may be hyperdynamic, regional function is not uniform. The septum appears to be hypodynamic, while the contractile capacity of the posterior wall is increased.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association