Influence of acute alterations in heart rate and systemic arterial pressure on echocardiographic measures of left ventricular perfornmance in normal human subjects.
To study the effects of acute alterations in heart rate and systemic arterial pressure on the mean velocity of left ventricular circumferential fiber shortening (Vcf) and on mean posterior wall velocity (Vpw), we performed ultrasound studies in 25 normal human subjects between the ages of 21 and 29 years. When heart rate was augmented by the administration of intravenous atropine from 64 +/- 2.2 (SEM) to 98 +/- 2.7 beats/min, mean normalized Vcf increased from 1.22 +/- 0.05 to 1.38 +/- 0.06 circumferences (circ)/sec(P less than 0.001). Mean normalized Vpw increased from 0.76 +/- 0.03 to 0.89 +/- 0.04 sec-1 (P less than 0.001). Mean Vcf and mean Vpw uncorrected for end-diastolic diameter increased in a similar fashion (P less than 0.01). After atropine administration, systemic arterial pressure was augmented by means of a phenylephrine infusion in 23 subjects by an average of 39 mm Hg (range 20-50 mm Hg). During the phenylephrine infusion, average heart rate decreased from 96 +/- 2.6 to 91 +/- 3.1 beats/min (NS), while mean normalized Vcf declined from 1.38 +/- 0.06 to 1.09 +/- 0.05 circ/sec (P less than 0.001) and normalized Vpw from 0.89 +/- 0.04 to 0.65 +/- 0.04 sec-1 (P less than 0.001). Nonnormalized velocities exhibited similar alterations (P less than 0.01). We conclude that in the normal human subject mean Vcf and mean Vpw are sensitive to acute alterations in heart rate and systemic arterial pressure. Thus, when ultrasound measures are used for serial assessment of left ventricular performance, the level of heart rate and systemic arterial pressure at which studies are obtained must be considered. Further, the sequential use of atropine and phenylephrine, as described in this study, provides an experimental model for the evaluation of the effects of drug treatment and other interventions on left ventricular performance in man.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association