Cross-sectional echocardiography in assessing the severity of valvular aortic stenosis.
Real-time, cross-sectional echocardiograms were recorded in 28 consecutive adult patients with valvular aortic stenosis using a high resolution, mechanical sector scanner. Using the cross-sectional technique, the aortic valve orifice diameter was recorded in each of the 28 patients. With M-mode echocardiographic examination of these same patients, this value could be estimated in only 21 of these 28 patients (75%). The maximum aortic valve diameter recorded during the cross-sectional study averaged 7.9 +/- 1.8 mm (range 4-11 mm) in 15 patients with severe aortic stenosis; 11.6 +/- 2.3 mm (range 9-15 mm) in five patients with moderate aortic stenosis; 16.9 +/- 2.0 mm (range 14-20 mm) in eight patients with mild aortic stenosis; and 20.5 +/- 2.8 mm (range 15-26 mm) in 25 patients with no evidence of aortic valve disease. Comparing the means of these groups yielded the following: severe vs moderate P less than 0.005; moderate vs mild P less than 0.001; and mild vs normal P less than 0.001. Although there was some overlap between the individual groups, a clear separation existed between patients with severe and mild aortic stenosis. In addition, the group of patients in whom surgical intervention was recommended was also separated from the other subjects. When the aortic valve orifice was recorded using the M-mode technique, there was also a good correlation with the severity of the stenosis; however, the tendency of the M-mode study to overestimate severity in individual patients with calcific aortic stenosis and to underestimate severity in congenital aortic stenosis was again demonstrated. This study suggests that real-time, high resolution, cross-sectional echocardiography should be valuable in the noninvasive assessment of patients with aortic stenosis.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association