Results of routine preoperative coronary angiography in tetralogy of Fallot.
In the surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot, morvidity and mortality are increased by certain coronary anomalies, in particular, an anterior descending branch originating from the right coronary artery or a single coronary artery in which a large coronary branch runs across the pulmonary outflow tract. In series of 94 patients with tetralogy of Fallot who underwent cardiac catheterization, coronary artery visualization was attempted routinely, most often by flush aortography using a venous catheter. Diagnostic coronary visualization was obtained in 84 patients (89%). In these, the incidence of recognized coronary anomalies was 5%; anterior decending from the right coronary artery in four patients (4%), and singly left coronary in one patient (1%). In 195 autopsied cases of tetralogy, the incidence of coronary anomalies was also 5%. Routine preoperative demonstration of the coronary artery anatomy in tetralogy patients usually can be accomplished satisfactorily and conveniently by transvenous flush aortography.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association