Echocardiographic analysis of mitral valve motion after acute myocardial infarction.
To examine the effects of acute myocardial infarction on mitral valve diastolic velocity, echocardiograms were performed in 18 patients on admission, daily in the Coronary Care Unit, and at 3-day intervals during the remainder of hospitalization. These patients were divided into three groups based on the time interval between onset of symptoms and initial echocardiogram. Five of six patients admitted within 5 hours of onset of myocardial infarction had a triphasic response of mitral valve diastolic velocity with a transient rise above initial values, followed by a fall to below initial values, and then a slow rise during recovery. Seven of eight patients admitted 1-2 days after onset of myocardial infarction had a biphasic response, i.e., a fall from initial values and then a slow rise. Four patients admitted later in the course of myocardial infarction had a monophasic response, i.e. low initial velocity followed by a slow recovery. We conclude that in patients with myocardial infarction the mitral valve diastolic velocity following myocardial infarction shows a triphasic response which may appear biphasic or monophasic depending on the interval between myocardial infarction and admission. The temporal pattern of mitral valve diastolic velocity changes may reflect the dynamic alterations of myocardial function and compliance that are occurring after acute myocardial infarction and during the recovery period.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association