Postural changes in left ventricular and mitral valvular dynamics in the systolic click - late systolic murmur syndrome.
Marked changes in the auscultatory pattern with posture have been noted in patients with mid-systolic clicks and/or late systolic murmurs (MSC-LSM). MSC tend to move earlier in systole and LSM become longer and often louder when patients assume upright posture. Systolic prolapse of the mitral leaflets with mild regurgitation account for MSC-LSM; earlier and greater prolapse with more and prolonged regurgitation associated with a reduced left ventricular volume (LVV) in the upright position would explain the auscultatory changes. Twenty-two patients with MSC-LSM were studied supine and at 45 degrees head-up tilt, recording intracardiac pressures, cardiac outputs, systolic time intervals, and performing LV cineangiography. Systolic prolapse of one or both mitral leaflets was demonstrated in all patients. Left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes both decreased significantly at 45 degrees in all sixteen technically satisfactory studies. Greater mitral prolapse was noted upright in 12 of 14 studies with enough sinus beats to judge. The amount of mitral regurgitation was mild in all, and changes in amount from supine to upright posture could not be discerned angiographically. THE FINDINGS, SUGGEST THAT THE AUSCULTATORY CHANGES OCCURRING WITH UPRIGHT POSTURE IN PATIENTS WITH MSC-LSM are related to greater prolapse of the mitral leaflets which is associated with a small LVV in the upright position.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association