Improvement in left ventricular wall motion following nitroglycerin.
Coronary artery disease patients frequently have left ventricular wall motion abnormalities. Though nitroglycerin is commonly used in ischemic heart disease, its effects on wall motion abnormalities is unknown. In this study we have evaluated the effects of nitroglycerin on wall motion abnormalities and on ejection fraction in 25 patients. Sixteen had coronary artery disease (greater than 70% luminal narrowing). Six had no evidence of heart disease and three had congestive cardiomyopathies with normal coronary arteries. Left ventricular angiography was performed prior to and six minutes after administration of 0.4 mg of sublingual nitroglycerin. Twelve of the 16 coronary artery disease patients had wall motion abnormalities, and in seven of these, segmental wall motion improved after nitroglycerin. In five, all motion did not change. The initial heart rate, left ventricular systolic and end-diastolic pressure, and left ventricular end-diastolic volumes were not different for those whose wall motion improved versus those whose did not. The increase in the former and fall in the latter three hemodynamic parameters were significant (P less than 0.01) and similar for the two groups. In those whose wall motion abnormalities improved after nitroglycerin, ejection fraction (mean plus or minus se) increased significantly (P less than 0.05), from 0.47 plus or minus 0.025 to 0.62 plus or minus 0.046. In those without improvement, the ejection fraction went from 0.55 plus or minus 0.056 to 0.58 plus or minus 0.051 (NS). Three patients with congestive cardiomyopathy showed no improvement in ventricular wall motion or ejection fraction after nitroglycerin. Left ventricular wall motion abnormalities and ejection fraction improved in some coronary artery disease patients following nitroglycerin. The mechanism for this is unknown; however, ventriculography before and after nitroglycerin may be of potential usefulness for identifying areas of reversible wall motion abnormalities.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association