Myocardial blood flow response to isometric (handgrip) and treadmill exercise in coronary artery disease.
Thirty patients undergoing coronary cineangiography for diagnosis or evaluation of coronary artery disease had myocardial blood flow studies pre and post handgrip (isometric) exercise just prior to cineangiography. The handgrip was maintained at one-third maximum effort for three minutes. The patients also had treadmill exercise testing a day or two prior to the study. Treadmill testing was carried out until angina or positive ST-segment changes occurred or the patient attained 90% of predicted maximal heart rate. Of the 30 patients, seven had no coronary artery disease and 23 had significant disease, i.e., greater than 75% occlusion of at least one major coronary artery. Six of the 23 patients (26%) with disease had angina with handgrip and demonstrated a decreased myocardial blood flow, a significantly different response from the patients without agina (P less than 0.001). For the group without angina, the blood flow response was not significantly different from the normal group. Treadmill tests were positive in 19 of the 23 patients with coronary disease (83%). The arterial systolic and diastolic pressure rise was almost identical with the two stresses. The heart rate response, however, was significantly different (P less than 0.001), the rate increase being greater with treadmill exercise. The myocardial blood flow data demonstrate the relative insensitivity of handgrip exercise for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. In terms of the supply demand ratio (diastolic pressure time/systolic pressure time) concept for subendocardial perfusion, it is possible that the difference between handgrip and treadmill stress may be due to the different heart rate response, more rapid heart rates having a relatively greater effect on diastolic than on systolic time indices, all other factors being equal.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association