A study of the dynamic relations between the mitral valve echogram and phasic mitral flow.
Echocardiographically recorded mitral valve motion was compared with phasic transmitral flow in 17 open chest dogs. The normal mitral valve opening started with the onset of mitral flow and reached its full excursion while flow was still accelerating. Complete valve opening occurred .044 sec (plus or minus .002 sem) before peak flow, during which time an average of 17.6 percent of total mitral filling volume had passed through the valve. In contrast to the opening movement, the closing motion of the anterior mitral valve cusp lagged behind the deceleration of mitral flow. The E-F phase of the mitral valve echogram started while mitral flow was still increasing and resulted from a combined posterior motion of the cusp and the ring. The E-F slope of the normal valve was found to decrease with reduced cardiac output. The amplitude of the anterior cusp excursion did not reflect the amount of mitral flow. Prolonged P-R interval may induce a mid-diastolic reversal of mitral flow which, in turn, may be accompanied by partial or complete valve closure, occurring before the onset of ventricular contraction. Such premature closure of the mitral valve may be accompanied by a certain amount of regurgitant flow.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association