Echocardiographic Criteria in the Diagnosis of Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis
Echocardiography has proven to be a useful technique in the diagnosis and assessment of therapy in idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (IHSS). Asymmetric septal hypertrophy has been described as the pathognomonic anatomic marker of the disease. A characteristic systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral valve leaflet has been detected in the presence of hemodynamically significant subaortic left ventricular outflow obstruction. An echocardiographic quantification of the outflow gradient (the obstruction index) has been derived previously.
Four patients were studied by ultrasound at the time of cardiac catheterization. All four demonstrated systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral leaflet in the absence of a resting gradient. In three of the four, the calculated obstruction index predicted hemodynamically significant resting gradients. All four patients were shown to have labile gradients with provocative maneuvers. A fifth patient with abnormal systolic anterior motion demonstrated a close correlation between the obstruction index and resting gradient; however, symmetric hypertrophy of the septum and left ventricular posterior wall was detected by ultrasound. Therefore, the abnormal mitral valve pattern may be seen in the absence of a resting gradient and symmetric left ventricular hypertrophy may exist in the presence of IHSS.
- Received April 5, 1974.
- Accepted June 17, 1974.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.