Left Ventricular Function in Acute Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Gated Scintiphotography
Ten normal volunteers and 38 patients with acute myocardial infarction were evaluated by biplane gated blood pool scanning. The mean left ventricular end-diastolic volume in those with infarction was 125 ± 41 ml/m2 compared to 82 ± 10 ml/m2 in the normals. The left ventricular end-systolic volume was 82 ± 35 ml/m2 compared to 35 ± 4 ml/m2, and the left ventricular ejection fraction 36 ± 8% compared to 56 ± 3% in the normals. Thirty-six of the 38 patients with infarction had an area of akinesis which ranged from 15 to 59% of the left ventricular wall. Patients with acute myocardial infarction were found to have a significant increase in left ventricular end-systolic volume and decrease in ejection fraction compared to normals. The end-diastolic volume was, however, increased only in those with an elevated left ventricular filling pressure or decreased cardiac index.
Follow-up studies obtained in 20 patients between one week and three months following infarction showed that in the 14 who improved clinically, left ventricular ejection fraction significantly increased from 38 to 45% (P < 0.001) while in six who failed to show clinical improvement or worsened, left ventricular ejection fraction remained at 30%.
Left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly greater and the extent of akinesis significantly less in the patients who survived compared to those who died.
- Received April 29, 1974.
- Accepted June 24, 1974.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.