Ectopic Ventricular Prematurity and Its Relationship to Ventricular Tachycardia in Acute Myocardial Infarction in Man
In order to determine the role of the coupling interval of a premature ventricular contraction (PVC) in the development of paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (PVT) during the early phase of acute myocardial infarction in man, 52 male patients with documented acute myocardial infarction had 24-hour Holter monitoring commenced within 24 hours of the onset of prolonged chest pain. Review of the tape recordings revealed that 27 patients had PVT documented, while 25 patients did not. Analysis of the data on the two groups showed that the frequency of PVCs, coupled PVCs, and accelerated idioventricular rhythm (AIVR) were found to be associated with a significantly increased incidence of ventricular tachycardia.
The mean coupling interval of the PVCs initiating episodes of ventricular tachycardia was not significantly different from either the mean coupling interval of the isolated PVCs in the patients with PVT or the mean coupling interval of the PVCs in the patients without PVT. This suggests that the coupling interval of a ventricular ectopic is a poor predictor of ventricular tachycardia in the early phases of acute myocardial infarction.
- Premature ventricular contraction
- Coupling interval
- Prematurity index
- Paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia
- Accelerated idioventricular rhythm
- Holter monitoring
- Received March 18, 1974.
- Accepted May 13, 1974.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.