Single Ventricle with Transposition
Fifty-seven cases of single (common) ventricle with transposition of the great vessels are reviewed. The diagnosis had been confirmed by necropsy in 25 and by angiocardiography in 32 cases.
Single (common) ventricle is defined as that condition in which both atrioventricular valves separately enter a single ventricular cavity. According to this definition, cases presenting with common atrioventricular valve, atresia of one atrioventricular valve, or straddling valves have been excluded. Two structural types of common ventricle are identified: the left ventricular type and the primitive type of single ventricle. The former showed anatomic features similar to a left ventricle, whereas in the latter, features characteristic of a left ventricle were not present. The latter was considered a more primitive condition than the former.
A classification based upon the type of single ventricle and its outflow tract and upon the relationship of the great vessels is presented. Of the 25 cases of single ventricle with transposition studied pathologically, 21 were of the left ventricular type and four of the primitive type. Of the four cases with double conus three were among the four examples of primitive ventricle. Among the 21 cases with a single conus, the type of transposition was about equally divided between the d-type (ten cases) and the l-type (11 cases).
Pulmonary stenosis or atresia was observed in seven of the 21 cases with a single conus and in one of the four cases with double conus.
In the clinical cases, only angiocardiography could establish the diagnosis and delineate the different types of great vessel-ventricular relationships.
- Received December 10, 1973.
- Accepted January 18, 1974.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.