Electrocardiographic and Cineangiographic Correlations in Assessment of the Location, Nature and Extent of Abnormal Left Ventricular Segmental Contraction in Coronary Artery Disease
The relationship between the resting electrocardiogram and left ventricular contractile pattern, as documented by angiography, was evaluated in 123 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent left ventriculography. Dyssynergy was present in 73/77 (95%) patients with pathologic Q waves on ECG recordings in contrast to 11/46 ( 24%; P < 0.01) without Q waves. The location of Q waves correlated well with the site of abnormal ventricular motion: antero-apical dyssynergy in 40/40 (100%) patients with anterior myocardial infarction (MI) and infero-apical dyssynergy in 25/28 (89%) with inferior MI. Four contraction patterns were defined: 1) normal motion-39 patients (35 without Q waves, four with inferior or posterior Q waves); 2) segmental hypokinesis-37 patients (six without Q, 31 with Q); 3) segmental akinesis-26 patients (four without Q, 22 with Q); and 4) localized dyskinesis-aneurysm in 21 patients (only one without Q, 20 with Q). The presence of ST elevation and T wave inversion (ST↑ - T↓) along with Q waves were associated with dyskinesis or akinesis in 18/19 (95%) patients. The Q wave location reflected the type of dyssynergy: 32/40 (80%) patients with anterior MI had akinesis or dyskinesis, while 18/28 (64%) patients with inferior MI exhibited hypokinesis. Lateral extension of the Q wave in an anterior MI was related to the dyssynergy type (average V lead: 4.9 in dyskinesis and 3.3 in hypokinesis; P < 0.05) and extent (dyssynergy area /LV silhouette: 31% with Q to V3 and 58% to V5 or V6; P < 0.05). Dyssynergy area was larger in isolated anterior than inferior MI (42% and 23% of LV perimeter; P < 0.05) and largest in the anterior-inferior MI (68%; P < 0.05). Dyssynergy was more extensive with Q and ST↑-T↓ than with Q alone (48% and 33% LV perimeter; P < 0.05). Thus, specific QRS and ST-T wave alterations, when monitoring coronary disease, accurately predict characteristics of LV dyssynergy: Q identifies its presence and location and Q with ST↑-T↓ estimates its nature and extent.
- Coronary artery disease
- Ventricular wall motion
- Myocardial infarction
- Ventricular aneurysm
- Received August 20, 1973.
- Accepted October 29, 1973.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.