Computer-Based Analysis of Preoperative and Postoperative Prognostic Factors in 100 Patients with Combined Aortic and Mitral Valve Replacement
From 1963 to 1971, aortic and mitral valves were replaced in 100 patients; 22 died in hospital. Follow-up in survivors is 100%. Catheterization was performed preoperatively in 99 patients and postoperatively in 85% of survivors. The influence of 19 preoperative potential risk factors on hospital mortality, postoperative symptomatic improvement, and long-term survival (assessed by monthly cohort-adjusted survival tables) was determined. Long-term survival was also assessed by comparing average values of the various risk factors in patients surviving 1, 2, and 3 years with values in patients who died during these intervals. In addition, changes induced by operation were studied 6 months postoperatively and their value in predicting subsequent longevity assessed.
Significant (P < 0.05) findings were: a higher hospital mortality in patients with left atrial pressures ≥30 mm Hg or with fabric-covered valves; less postoperative symptomatic improvement in older patients; lower long-term survival rate in men and in patients with high left atrial, right atrial, pulmonary arterial, or right ventricular end-diastolic pressures. A decrease in radiographic heart size or a New York Heart Association class I or II status 6 months postoperatively was associated with a favorable subsequent prognosis. Postoperative hemodynamic values did not predict subsequent survival.
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.