Combined One-Stage Coronary Artery and Valvular Surgery
A Clinical Evaluation
Fifty patients underwent correction of one or two valvular lesions with concomitant insertion of one to three aortocoronary vein bypass grafts. Hospital mortality was 14% and late mortality was 10%. Factors influencing operative mortality were: (1) mitral valve replacement after myocardial infarction; (2) complete obstruction of a coronary artery preoperatively; (3) high left ventricular end-diastolic pressure at rest preoperatively in patients with mitral valve disease; and (4) use of a single aortocoronary graft in the presence of multiple-vessel disease. For patients with significant associated valvular and coronary artery disease, combined correction yields results that appear sufficiently encouraging, judged by mortality and follow-up, to warrant its continued use in selected cases.
- Valvular surgery
- Mitral insufficiency
- Coronary revascularization
- Aortocoronary bypass grafts
- Preoperative myocardial infarction
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.