Disturbances in Cardiac Conduction and their Management
A simple classification of atrioventricular block, criteria for diagnosis, and suggested therapy are discussed. The differences between Mobitz I and II second-degree A-V block are reviewed.
Good management of patients who have bundle-branch or other forms of intraventricular block depends on informed judgment which includes consideration of (1) the effect of intraventricular conduction disturbances on the pumping action of the heart, and (2) the likelihood that a specific intraventricular conduction disturbance will be complicated by complete heart block.
Evidence suggests that common forms of intraventricular disturbance, unlike ventricular fibrillation, do not alter significantly the pumping action of the heart. The role of intraventricular conduction disturbances in the genesis of ventricular fibrillation is assessed.
We concluded that only when right bundle-branch block is combined with block of the anterior or posterior fascicle of the left bundle branch is complete heart block sufficiently imminent to warrant special concern. If bilateral block is associated with symptoms of episodic severe bradycardia, pacemaker therapy is indicated.
- Cardiac conduction disturbances
- Fascicular block
- Prognosis in intraventricular block
- Atrioventricular block
- Bilateral bundle-branch block
- Pacemaker therapy
- Ventricular fibrillation
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.