Echocardiogram in Ebstein's Anomaly with Wolff-Parkinson-White Preexcitation Syndrome, Type B
The echocardiographic features of Ebstein's anomaly include a large anterior chamber, paradoxic ventricular septal motion (type B), increased velocity and amplitude of anterior tricuspid leaflet (ATL) motion, and delayed closure of the ATL. This delayed closure has been thought to be secondary to right bundle-branch block (RBBB). We have studied two patients by simultaneous echocardiography and phonocardiography. The findings in both patients were similar. One patient had RBBB and therefore resembles the previously reported patients. However, the other patient had W-P-W preexcitation syndrome, type B, and is reported here in more detail. The ATL closure of this patient was markedly delayed in spite of right ventricular preexcitation. This finding gives further insight into the altered pathophysiology in Ebstein's anomaly and implies that the delayed ATL closure is probably not due to RBBB and may be a specific feature of this anomaly.
- Anomalous pulmonary venous connection
- Atrioventricular canal
- Tricuspid valve
- Tricuspid regurgitation
- Atrial septal defect
- Interventricular septum
- Received September 28, 1972.
- Accepted December 26, 1972.
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.