Double-Outlet Right Ventricle with Pulmonic Stenosis
Surgical Considerations and Results of Operation
The results of complete repair of double-outlet right ventricle with pulmonic stenosis in 22 Mayo Clinic patients were analyzed. The overall mortality rate was 32%. Since 1960, the mortality rate has been reduced to 16%. Anomalies of the distribution of the right coronary artery, a second ventricular septal defect of the atrioventricular canal type, and significant residual pulmonic stenosis were associated with a higher mortality rate. The difficulties in the diagnosis of this uncommon condition are emphasized.
Complete repair is best carried out after the patient is 4 years old. A systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunt is the procedure of choice for those who are younger than this. In the occasional patient with anomalous distribution of the right coronary artery which precludes adequate relief of the pulmonic stenosis, use of an aortic homograft from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery should be considered.
- Received October 5, 1970.
- Accepted February 22, 1971.
- © 1971 American Heart Association, Inc.