Intracardiac Surgery in Neonates and Infants Using Deep Hypothermia with Surface Cooling and Limited Cardiopulmonary Bypass
In an attempt to achieve safe intracardiac surgery in severely ill babies with congenital heart defects, a technique of deep hypothermia with surface cooling and limited bypass has been used. Under halothane anesthesia, these infants were cooled to a nasopharyngeal temperature of 26 C on a circulating water blanket and the temperature was lowered further to 22 C by a short period of total body perfusion. After a period of circulatory arrest which averaged 48 minutes at 22 C, during which the intracardiac repair was carried out, rewarming to 32 C was achieved by 20 minutes of total body perfusion and final rewarming to 36 C by surface means.
Thirty-three of 37 infants under 10 kg in weight, with correctable lesions, survived this procedure, including 25 aged 8 days to 12 months. Conditions corrected were transposition (13), tetralogy of Fallot (9), total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (6), ventricular septal defect (6), and atrioventricular canal (3). The technique gave ideal operating conditions and is believed to have wide application in the neonatal and infant group.
- Circulatory arrest
- Bypass rewarming
- Ventricular septal defect
- Cyanotic heart disease
- Transposition of great vessels
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Pulmonary circulation
- Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
- © 1971 American Heart Association, Inc.