Interrelationships of Hepatic Blood Flow, Cardiac Output, and Blood Levels of Lidocaine in Man
Factors that regulate the arterial level of lidocaine during a constant infusion were investigated in 17 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Lidocaine was administered by a 50 mg bolus, followed by a constant infusion of 40 µg/kg/min until steady state conditions were achieved. Cardiac output and estimated hepatic blood flow were also determined. An inverse relationship between arterial lidocaine levels and cardiac index was observed. With a low cardiac index of 1.9 ± 0.3 liters/min/m2 the arterial level was 2.4 (±0.4 sem) µg/ml, while with a normal cardiac index of 3.3 ± 0.8 liters/min/m2 it was 1.5 (±0.2 sem) µ/ml.
A linear relationship was also observed between estimated hepatic blood flow and cardiac index. Therefore, an inverse relationship between arterial lidocaine levels and estimated hepatic blood flow was noted. At steady-state conditions, the liver accounted for 70% (±16% sem) of the metabolism or removal of the lidocaine administered. These studies suggest that the administration of smaller doses of lidocaine will produce effective therapeutic levels when reduced hepatic blood flow exists.
- Steady-state lidocaine blood levels
- Lidocaine metabolism
- Hepatic metabolism and blood flow
- Received July 31, 1970.
- Accepted October 13, 1970.
- © 1971 American Heart Association, Inc.