The Atrioventricular Conduction System in Persistent Common Atrioventricular Canal Defect
Correlations with Electrocardiogram
Serial histologic sections of the atrioventricular (A-V) conduction system were studied in four hearts with persistent common A-V canal, and the anatomic findings were related to the abnormal ECG patterns. Two hearts were examples of the partial form and two of the complete form of A-V canal. The major anatomic abnormalities were: (1) postero-inferior displacement of the A-V node; (2) relatively short distances between the A-V node and the origin of the left bundle branching; (3) marked posteroinferior displacement of the left bundle branching system; and (4) relative hypoplasia of the anterior (superior) left bundle branches. The anatomic configuration of the A-V conduction system in A-V canal could result in relatively early impulse propagation to the posterior aspect of the ventricular septum as suggested by reported electrophysiologica studies. The anatomic findings are considered to be related closely to the known ECG patterns of A-V canal.
- Received January 21, 1970.
- Accepted April 30, 1970.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.