Intrarenal Distribution of Blood Flow in Man
A New Analytical Method for Dye-Dilution Curves
To measure blood flow through fast and slow pathways of the kidney separately, a new method of analyzing dye-dilution curves was devised. Twenty-five patients with hypertension or renal disease were selected for study. Indocyanine green was injected into one renal artery and dye-dilution curves were recorded in blood from the ipsilateral renal vein, using a densitometer. Recirculation effect was eliminated by the curve obtained from the contralateral renal vein. For analyzing the dyedilution curves, a new mathematical model and an iterative least squares method of fitting the curve using a digital computer were employed. Basic assumption for the model was that the transit time of each molecule of the dye through fast and slow pathways was a random variable and followed a log-normal distribution. The fast flow measured by the new method was significantly decreased in 11 patients with azotemia compared with that in 14 without azotemia, while changes in slow flow were not significant. Consequently, the ratio of the slow flow to the total flow was increased in renal failure.
- Blood flow of kidney
- Curve fitting
- Recirculation curve
- Least squares method
- Log-normal distribution
- Received November 6, 1969.
- Accepted April 7, 1970.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.