His Bundle Recordings in Bilateral Bundle-Branch Block Combined with Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome
Antegrade Type II (Mobitz) Block and 1:1 Retrograde Conduction Through the Anomalous Bundle
An example of bilateral bundle-branch block (RBBB) in the presence of WPW syndrome in which diagnosis was established with the aid of His bundle recordings is presented. Complete RBBB and intermittent block of the superior and inferior divisions of the left bundle branch were coexistent for at least 2 years before complete heart block (trifascicular block) occurred. It was demonstrated that the preexcitation pathway conducted and blocked together with the normal pathways. It is suggested that the anomalous bundle in this case traveled with the normal pathways and that this close relationship is more common than has been suspected.
Retrograde V-A conduction at 1:1 ratio was present during electrical stimulation of the right ventricle and the anomalous bundle was used for retrograde spread of activation from the ventricles to the atria. The retrograde P waves, thus produced, conducted antegrade through the His bundle (reciprocation) but reached the ventricles only when they appeared near the end of the T waves of the preceding beats. The mechanism of supramaximal conductivity or excitability, therefore, appears to be a plausible explanation.
- Unidirectional A-V block
- Junctional tachycardia
- Retrograde V-A conduction
- Trifascicular block
- Antegrade conduction
- Mahaim fibers
- Received February 27, 1970.
- Accepted April 23, 1970.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.