Comparative Quantitative Analysis of the Electrocardiogram and the Vectorcardiogram
Correlations with the Coronary Arteriogram
Simultaneously recorded standard electrocardiograms (ECG) and Frank vectorcardiograms (VCG) were correlated with the coronary arteriograms and the left ventriculograms of 210 patients. Quantitative criteria were applied to ECG measurements made by manual technics and to VCG measurements obtained by computer technics.
As the extent of significant arteriographic disease increased, the frequency of ECG and VCG evidence of "definite" myocardial infarction (MI) increased. The VCG was diagnostic of MI in a greater number of patients than the ECG (50 versus 39, P < 0.01) and excelled in the detection of multiple areas of infarction in a greater number of patients (13 versus six, P < 0.05). This increased sensitivity was gained in anterior, inferior, and true posterior infarcts. Excluding patients with myocardiopathy, all MIs diagnosed from the VCG and all but one from the ECG were associated with significant arteriographic disease in the distribution of the predicted nutrient artery.
Quantitative VCG analysis appears superior to the usual ECG analysis in the accurate detection of MI. When MI is diagnosed by either technic, significant associated coronary artery disease can be anticipated in a predictable anatomic distribution.
- Received March 3, 1970.
- Accepted April 30, 1970.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.