Statistical Investigation of Correlations Between Serum Potassium Levels and Electrocardiographic Findings in Patients on Intermittent Hemodialysis Therapy
Simultaneous determinations of serum potassium and sodium, blood pH, blood pressure, and 12-lead electrocardiograms were obtained in hyperkalemic patients with chronic renal failure. Statistical investigation of the data showed a high correlation between serum potassium levels and ventricular repolarization abnormalities. "Mean intracellular potassium concentration" derived from total body potassium and total body water values was not accurate enough to show significant correlations to ECG changes and did not improve on the already significant correlations with serum potassium levels. Equations are presented which would permit the estimation of serum potassium levels (in a narrow range) from electrocardiographic findings in patients with chronic renal failure and suspected hyperkalemia.
- Received November 13, 1969.
- Accepted December 19, 1969.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.