Morphology of the Human Mitral Valve
I. Chordae Tendineae: A New Classification
Chordae tendineae from 50 normal mitral valves were studied. Four main types can be distinguished by their mode of insertion. Commissural chordae insert into and define the commissures between the anterior and posterior leaflets. Rough zone chordae insert into the ventricular aspect of the distal rough portion of the anterior and posterior leaflets. Such rough zone chordae typically split into three cords before inserting into the leaflet. Two of the anterior leaflet rough zone chordae are thicker than the others and are called strut chordae. They insert at 4 and 8 o'clock positions on the semicircular anterior leaflet. Cleft chordae insert into and define the clefts between the scallops of the posterior leaflet. Basal chordae are single strands that arise from the posterior ventricular wall and insert into the basal zone of the posterior leaflet. This classification permits a clear definition of mitral valve anatomy and forms a sound basis for functional studies of chordae tendineae.
- Received October 20, 1969.
- Accepted November 11, 1969.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.