Coronary Arteriographic Appearances in Patients with Left Bundle-Branch Block
Left bundle-branch block (LBBB) was found to be associated with an unusually short left main coronary artery in 11 of 12 patients studied by selective coronary arteriography. The average length of the left coronary artery in this group of 12 patients with LBBB was 4.5 ± 1.7 mm as compared to 12.8 ± 0.8 mm in a control group. Four of the 12 had evidence of ischemic heart disease, one had mild aortic regurgitation, one had myocardiopathy, and one had a patent ductus arteriosus. No etiology was discovered for the LBBB in the remaining five patients. Mechanical and hemodynamic explanations for this association of a particular pattern of coronary anatomy with LBBB are proposed.
- Received July 31, 1969.
- Accepted September 19, 1969.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.