Role of Renin in Acute Postural Homeostasis
Plasma renin activity has been measured by radioimmunoassay at frequent intervals after passive upright tilting and correlated with pulse and blood pressure in normotensive man. In the normal response to upright posture, renin activity in both peripheral and renal veins increases consistently within a few minutes. The renin rise lags behind the increase in pulse rate and diastolic blood pressure. Renin activity falls to base-line level soon after return to the horizontal position. In the 25% of normal subjects who develop vasovagal syncope after upright tilting, the increase in renin activity is smaller in magnitude and duration than in the normal response. Renin levels fall just before syncope appears and rise sharply after return to the horizontal position. Anephric patients are able to effect adequate postural adjustments even in the absence of renin activity.
This study indicates that the renin angiotensin system participates in the acute response to postural change in normal man and that it functions abnormally in vasovagal syncope.
- Cardiac catheterization
- Sympathetic nervous system
- Vasovagal syncope
- Received August 1, 1969.
- Accepted September 2, 1969.
- © 1970 American Heart Association, Inc.