Observations on Pressure-Pulse Changes Underlying Their Formation
We have studied Korotkoff sounds in 10 subjects by recording pressures and sounds simultaneously through a brachial arterial needle at locations both beyond and beneath the inflatable cuff. The Korotkoff sounds coincided with a small dip and ensuing steep rise in pressure immediately beyond the distal edge of the cuff. Sound intensity paralleled not only the rate and the acceleration of this steep ascent, but also the total pressure through which it was maintained. Pressures beneath the midportion of the cuff showed a more pronounced sharp initial negative dip, usually followed by a rapid reversal and steep rise, and the sounds were also recorded here in association with these rapid pressure changes. This study supports the hypothesis that the initial Korotkoff sound is produced by rapid changes of pressure both beneath and distal to the compressing cuff, sufficient in rate to impart sonic vibrations to the vessel wall and surrounding tissues. We have attempted to explain how these rapid pressure changes are produced.
- © 1969 American Heart Association, Inc.