Interrelationships of Hyperinsulinism and Hypertriglyceridemia in Young Patients with Coronary Heart Disease
Fasting serum lipid levels, glucose tolerance, and immunoreactive insulin concentrations of 50 young patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and 30 control subjects were evaluated to study the interrelationships of these metabolic factors. Abnormalities in one or more of these factors could be shown in 90% of the patients and 20% of the control subjects. Thirty-four of the 50 patients had elevated cholesterol or triglyceride levels, or both, 30 had abnormally elevated or delayed insulin responses after glucose, and 17 had abnormal glucose tolerance. A significant correlation existed between serum triglyceride and insulin concentrations. When insulin levels were reduced by phenformin, triglyceride concentrations fell toward normal.
These findings indicate that carbohydrate, insulin, and lipid abnormalities are rather prevalent in patients with CHD. Excessive insulin secretion secondary to mild glucose intolerance probably induces hepatic synthesis of triglycerides and hypertriglyceridemia. Dietary alterations or pharmacological agents may help to control some of the metabolic abnormalities associated with premature CHD.
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.