Morphological Studies in Tricuspid Atresia
Fourteen hearts with tricuspid atresia were reviewed at autopsy. The study included examples of normally related great arteries and of transposition of the great arteries; instances of pulmonary stenosis were present in both groups. In these examples of tricuspid atresia the size of the right ventricle depended on the size of the ventricular septal defect. The ventricular septal defect and the right ventricle usually were smaller in proportion to the size of the heart in specimens with normally related great arteries. In the absence of transposition of the great arteries, the ventricular septal defect was found to be the site of obstruction to pulmonary flow, and its size in relation to the size of the aorta determined the size of the pulmonary artery. Morphologic abnormalities exist in the region in which the proximal portions of the major atrioventricular conduction system (A-V node, bundle of His, origin of bundle branches) normally are located; thus, anatomic abnormalities in the course of the atrioventricular conduction tissue could be expected in tricuspid atresia. Based on histologic evidence, severe elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance, in general, does not occur in infancy in tricuspid atresia.
- Pulmonary vasculature
- Ventricular septal defect in tricuspid atresia
- Atrioventricular conduction system
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.