Genesis of Body Surface Potentials in Varying Types of Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Isopotential body surface maps and the sequence of epicardial excitation were studied in children with three types of pure right ventricular hypertrophy; that is, secundum atrial defects, valvular pulmonic stenosis, and tetralogy of Fallot. Patients with similar types of hypertrophy demonstrated internal consistency as to the anatomy, sequence of epicardial excitation of the right ventricular free wall, and body surface potential distribution; however, these phenomena varied between the three groups for each type of hypertrophy. These studies indicate that diagnostic information is available on the body surface to distinguish: (1) right ventricular hypertrophy due primarily to dilatation (secundum atrial septal defects), (2) right ventricular hypertrophy with symmetrical increase in thickness throughout the right ventricle (valvular pulmonic stenosis with moderate to severe right ventricular hypertrophy), and (3) right ventricular hypertrophy proximal to infundibular narrowing (tetralogy of Fallot) from one another. The body surface events could be accounted for in part by the events measured at the epicardial surface.
- Epicardial excitation
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Valvular pulmonic stenoses
- Isopotential surface maps
- Atrial septal defects
- Cardiac potentials
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.