Left Ventricular Performance During Mild Supine Leg Exercise in Coronary Artery Disease
Left ventricular (LV) performance was studied during mild exercise (100 kg-m/min for 3 minutes) in 19 cases of coronary artery disease (CAD). Each patient suffered from a severe anginal syndrome. None had ventricular aneurysm, cardiomegaly, or clinical heart failure. Mean resting values follow: LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), 19 ± 7 mm Hg; LV systolic pressure (LVSP), 150 ± 16 mm Hg; stroke volume index (SVI), 48 ± 10 ml/beat/m2; and LV stroke work index (LVSWI), 81 ± 19 g-m/m2. During exercise LVEDP rose to 30 ± 8 mm Hg (P≤0.001) and LVS to 160 ± 20 (not significant [NS]); SVI diminished to 46 ± 11 (NS) and LVSWI, to 76 ± 24 (NS). Patients with decreased or asynchronous areas of LV myocardium identified on cine left ventriculograms had higher mean LVEDPs during exercise than did those with normal ventriculograms (34 ± 10 versus 26 ± 4 mm Hg; P≤0.05). The difference between responses to exercise of patients who experienced angina during the study and of those who did not was NS. Administration of nitroglycerin reduced the increase in LVEDP during exercise. An abnormality in LV performance-a significant rise in LVEDP without a significant increase in SVI or LVSWI-was observed in 13 of 19 cases of CAD.
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.