Left Ventricular Pressure-Volume Characteristics in Congenital Heart Disease
The continuous pressure-volume relationships throughout the cardiac cycle were evaluated in children with tetralogy of Fallot, isolated ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus. Biplane cineangiocardiography and simultaneous left ventricular pressures were utilized for data acquisition. Normal pressure-volume loops demonstrated only small changes in left ventricular volume during the isovolumic periods. In tetralogy of Fallot, there was a decrease in left ventricular volume during the interval of the "isovolumic" contraction with 12 to 43% of the total stroke volume being ejected during this phase. A decrease in left ventricular volume during this time was also found in large ventricular septal defects; however, volume changes during this interval were minimal in those patients judged to have small defects.
With large left-to-right shunts of comparable magnitude, the relative area of the pressure-volume loop was greater in patent ductus arteriosus as compared with ventricular defects. Both conditions demonstrated marked increase in stroke volume, with peak systolic pressures rising higher in those patients with patent ducus arteriosus as compared to those with ventricular septal defect.
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Biplane cineangiocardiography
- Isolated ventricular septal defect
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.