Ventricular Septal Defect of Atrioventricular Canal Type with Straddling Right Atrioventricular Valve and Mitral Valve Deformity
At the Mayo Clinic, four patients were seen in whom a ventricular septal defect (VSD) of the atrioventricular (A-V) canal type was associated with an angle of nearly 90° between the intact atrial septum and the ventricular septum. The right atrium overrode the ventricular septum and communicated with both ventricles. A complex, straddling right A-V valve had some attachments in the left ventricle and resembled the common A-V valve of persistent common A-V canal. In three of the patients, a congenital mitral valve deformity also existed. Mild cyanosis probably is not a contraindication to surgical repair in such patients because right atrial blood may enter the left ventricle directly.
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.