Left Ventricular Function in Children Studied by Increasing Peripheral Resistance with Angiotensin
Response to angiotensin infusion was evaluated in 11 normal children and 24 patients with suspected left ventricular dysfunction. This included 12 patients with endocardial fibroelastosis, three with idiopathic myocardial hypertrophy, one with cardiac glycogenosis, and eight with the Hunter-Hurler syndrome. In 20 of these 24 patients, cardiac catheterization findings confirmed the clinical suspicion of decreased left ventricular function. In 11 instances left ventricular dysfunction was diagnosed by an elevation of resting left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. In eight instances this was ascertained by a decrease in resting left ventricular stroke work when compared to the expected range, derived by using a linear regression formula based on 24 normal subjects. In only four instances were both abnormal; that is, the resting left ventricular stroke work was decreased and the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was increased. In five of these 20 patients, abnormal left ventricular function was elicited only on infusion of angiotensin. Thus this test is a significant adjunct in our ability to determine myocardial malfunction at cardiac catheterization.
- Stroke work
- Hunter-Hurler syndrome
- Idiopathic myocardial hypertrophy
- Endocardial fibroelastosis
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.