Effects of Changing Body Position upon Improved Ventilation-Perfusion Relationships
Ventilation-perfusion relationships were studied in patients in the lateral and supine positions by monitoring blood gas tensions of peripheral arterial and pulmonary vein blood samples. West observed in erect subjects that the apex of the lung, while oxygenating less blood than the base, effected a higher Poo2. This study shows that in patients not in the erect position the nondependent lung, lobe or portion of lung achieved higher Poo2 values than the dependent. The supine position was found to be associated with low peripheral arterial oxygen tensions. The simple maneuver of having the patient turn to a lateral position was found to increase oxygen tensions to satisfactory levels.
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.